The Tree of Liberty must be planted immediately! [graphic] : this is the something which must be done and that quickly too! to save the country from destruction. Vide sentments of Whig Club, Feby. 14th, 1797 / Js. Gy. inv. & fet.

Creator:
Gillray, James, 1756-1815, printmaker.
Physical Description:
1 print : etching on wove paper, hand-colored ; sheet 36 x 26 cm
Notes:
Title etched below image.
Sheet trimmed within plate mark.
CtY-LW
Temporary local subject terms: Tree of Liberty -- Foxites -- Clubs: Whig Club -- Weapons: spears -- Executioner's axe -- Allusion to Thelwall's Political Lectures.
Abstract:
"The Tree of Liberty (cf. BMSat 9214), often (in fact) a pole surmounted by a bonnet-rouge, is here a pike on which is the bleeding head of Fox, the eyes covered by a cap inscribed 'Libertas'. Round the base of the pike and on a grassy mound are heaped the heads of the Foxites. The six heads at the base of the pile are (left to right): Thelwall, a little apart from the others; beside him is a paper: 'Lectures upon the Fall of the Republic by J. Thelwall' (see BMSat 8685); against his head lies the blade of a headsman's axe; Derby (in 'profil perdu'), Lauderdale, Stanhope, M. A. Taylor, and Hanger. The two central heads are Erskine and Sheridan; next the latter is Horne Tooke. Behind, and forming the apex of the pile, are the head of (?) Grey [Incorrectly identified in Wright and Evans as Wilkes. It is possible that the head here identified as Grey is Byng, and that identified as Bedford is Grey.] in profile to the left and the handsome head of (?) Bedford. In the background are clouds, and below (right) the top of a hill."--British Museum online catalogue.
Topics:
Auchincloss, Hugh Dudley--Ownership.
Bedford, Francis Russell,--Duke of,--1765-1802--Caricatures and cartoons.
Coleraine, George Hanger,--Baron,--1751?-1824--Caricatures and cartoons.
Derby, Edward Smith Stanley,--Earl of,--1752-1834--Caricatures and cartoons.
Erskine, Thomas Erskine,--Baron,--1750-1823--Caricatures and cartoons.
Fox, Charles James,--1749-1806--Caricatures and cartoons.
Grey, Charles Grey,--Earl,--1764-1845--Caricatures and cartoons.
Harvey, Francis--Ownership.
Humphrey, Hannah, active 1774-1817, publisher.
Lauderdale, James Maitland,--Earl of,--1759-1839--Caricatures and cartoons.
Riviere & Son Binding.
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley,--1751-1816--Caricatures and cartoons.
Stanhope, Charles Stanhope,--Earl,--1753-1816--Caricatures and cartoons.
Taylor, Michael Angelo,--1757-1834--Caricatures and cartoons.
Thelwall, John,--1764-1834--Caricatures and cartoons.
Tooke, John Horne,--1736-1812--Caricatures and cartoons.
Language:
English
Genre:
Etchings--England--London--1797.
Satires (Visual works)--England--1797.
Watermarks (Paper)--J. Whatman.--CtY-BR
Format:
Image
Rights:
These images are provided for study purposes only. For publication or other use of images from the Library's collection, please contact the Lewis Walpole Library at walpole@yale.edu. Further details on the Library's photoduplication policy are available at http://www.library.yale.edu/walpole/html/research/rights_reproductions.html
Call Number:
797.02.16.01
Auchincloss Gillray v. 4
Orbis Record:
8132226
Yale Collection:
Lewis Walpole Library
Digital Collection:
Lewis Walpole Library
Local Record Number:
lwlpr08895
Citation:
Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum. Division I, political and personal satires, v. 7, no. 8986
Wright, T. Works of James Gillray, the caricaturist with the history of his life and times, p. 218
OID:
11124090
PID:
digcoll:976872