Me teach de English republicans to work [graphic] : scene, a ploughed field / Sir John Dalrymple invt. ; Js. Gillray fecit.
[State with publisher's name and date in imprint scored through].
London Pubd. March 1st, 1798, by Js. Gillray, 27 St. James's Street [1 March 1798]
[1 March 1798]
2 prints on 1 sheet : etching with engraving on wove paper, hand-colored ; plate mark 30.5 x 39.9 cm and plate mark 10.7 x 40.0 cm, on sheet 42 x 43 cm
Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum. Division I, political and personal satires, v. 7, no. 9182 Wright, T. Works of James Gillray, the caricaturist with the history of his life and times, p. 236 Wright, T. Historical and descriptive acc
Title etched below image. Publisher's name and publication date in imprint are scored through with lightly etched lines. "Price 6 d. Colourd. 1 sh. 3 d." Smaller plate consists entirely of etched text and is printed below title of plate with image. Three columns of text on lower plate begins: Description. A row of English people in tatters and wooden shoes, hoeing a field of garlic ... Sheet trimmed to plate mark on upper edge. With: Gillray, J. Me teach de English republicans to work: scene, a ploughed field. London: Pubd. March 1st, 1798, by Js. Gillray, 27 St. James's Street, [1 March 1798]. Temporary local subject terms: Allusion to Duncan, Adam, viscount, 1731-1804 -- Allusion to St. Vincent, John Jervis, 1st earl, 1734-1823 -- Allusion to Watson, Richard, 1737-1816 -- Farming equipment: Plough -- Hoes -- French costume: Hoe driver -- French uniforms: Messenger of State -- Threat of French invasion -- Songs: 'Oh, England, England!' -- Literature: Allusion to Address to the people of Great Britain, by Richard Watson -- Frenchmen -- Farms -- Soup maigre -- Goads -- Caldrons -- Navy: Sailors -- French hoe drivers -- John Bull -- Wooden shoes -- Propaganda -- Husbandmen -- Clergy: Curate -- Hoers -- Whips: Postilion -- Food: Garlic -- Turnips. Peter Murray Hill; October 1958; Acquisitions no.: 958-10-1-15. Watermark: 1794 J. Whatman.
"Beneath the title is etched on a separate plate: 'Description - A Row of English People in Tatters, and wooden Shoes, hoeing a Field of Garlic. A tall raw-boned Frenchman, with a long Queue behind, like a Negro Driver with a long Waggoner's Whip in each Hand, walking by their side. The People very sulky, but tolerably obedient & tractable for so short a Time ; John Bull being a bad Lad only when you are very good to him. The Group of the hoers are, a Husbandman, his Wife, a Manufacturer, a Curate, & an Old man; - in another Part of the Field [middle distance, left], four other English people, a Father & Son (Husbandmen) with two Seamen, in a Yoke, drawing a Plough ; a French Farmer guiding it with one Hand, & with the other flourishing & cracking a French Postillion's long Whip ; a French Boy walking by the side of the Yoke with a Goad, which has a Point as sharp as a Needle, the French Hoe-driver gives his Instructions thus: "Jacques Roast-Beef, hoe straight, deep, quick & rest not." - The Instructions of the French Holder of the Plough are - "Monsieur John Bull mon Ami", (in English) My Friend, Mr John Bull, pull hard, plough deep, trot quick, turn sudden, & rest not," - A Messager d'Etat, (in English) a Messenger of State in his Habit of Office, with a Letter in his Hand, comes to hurry on the work for the Exigencies of War. - In another part of the Plate [left] stand the Farm Offices ; a vast oak, withered, above them, - A Caldron boiling, on which is engraved, Soup Maigre, with a stack of Onions & Turnips close by it. On a large Board is painted - "Regulations of this Farm., - ["At Five o'clock in the Morning the Hogs & English Slaves are \ "to be fed; at Twelve O'Clock at Night they are to be suppered, \ "& littered up with the best Straw that the Scotch & Irish part \ "of the Slaves can steal from the neighbouring Farms, & then \ "locked up. But there are Holes in the Bottom of the Walls \ "for the Hogs to go out, & get the Benefit of Fresh Air. - \ "Punishment of Laziness, for the first Offence, five hundred \ "Lashes; for the second, the Guillotine. All other Crimes, ex \ "-cept those which affect Frenchmen, are forgiven on Promise \ "of Amendment." - A Ballad is lying on the Ground in the English Language, entitled, "Recantation of British \ & Irish Republican Husbandmen & Manufacturers. - The Burden of the Song is - "Oh, England, England! \ "King, Wife, Sons & Daughters of our King, of \ "whom the Sons are all brave, & the Daughters \ "all beautiful: Parliament & Judges, who covered \ "us with Blessings, which are repaid with Reproaches. \ "Clergy who taught us to die as well as to live for \ "our country - Landaff, Landaff. - Nobles & \ "Squires in whose Hospitality & Bounty we shared. - \ "St Vincents & Duncans. Merchants, Master Manufacturer[s] \ "who lived as simply as ourselves, but both of us well; "how could we forget you? You would not have de- \ "serted us; but we deserted you. - But with the same \ "Weapons which should have defended you, we will \ "punish ourselves. We despise Life, we could submit to \ "Misfortune, but cannot bear the Consciousness of \ "not having stood or fallen with you. Oh England, \ "England, Country of every Bliss, for ever farewell!' [Dalrymple, op. cit., pp. 5-6, 33-5.] The hoe-driver stands on the left of the line of hoers (right), who advance diagonally. The husbandman is a fat John Bull, his wife a comely woman. Beyond the 'old man' is a fifth man on the extreme right Gillray has added in the foreground a ragged hoer suspiciously like Fox, cf. BMSat 9180, &c. The four men yoked to the plough do not resemble seamen. The print otherwise follows the description; the 'Messager d'État' is dressed exactly as in BMSat 9213. All the Englishmen wear large wooden shoes, emblems of servitude."--British Museum online catalogue.
Consequences of a successfull Frenh [sic] invasion ; no. III, plate 2d
Auchincloss, Hugh Dudley Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806 Harvey, Francis Riviere & Son
Etchings -- England -- London -- 1798 Satires (Visual works) -- England -- 1798 Watermarks (Paper)
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