More visitors to John Bull, or, The assess'd taxes!!! [graphic].

Published/Created:
London
Pubd. by W. Holland, No. 50 Oxford Street
Decembr. 1th, 1797
Physical Description:
1 print : etching & aquatint on wove paper ; plate mark 27.7 x 33 cm, on sheet 29 x 46 cm
Notes:
Title etched below image.
Attributed to Richard Newton in the British Museum catalogue.
If etched by Newton, it must be after the design of someone else, possibly Woodward. See Alexander, D. Richard Newton and English caricature in the 1790s,
Andrew Edmunds; April 1992; Acquisitions no.: 992-4-21-4.
Abstract:
"John Bull (right) stands in profile to the left, gaping in terror at four little demons, grotesque, naked, and senile, who approach him with calculating and complacent grins. His knees bend, his hands are thrust in his coat pockets; he says: "What do you want you little Devils - an't I plagued with enough of you already more pick poket Work, I suppose!!" Their leader stands forward with a mock deprecatory gesture; the next demon holds a large book. They say: "Please your Honor we are the assess'd Taxes.""--British Museum online catalogue.
A satire on the tripling of the assessed taxes proposed by Pitt in his famous budget speech, 24 Nov. 1797. These were taxes on persons according to their expenditure (inhabited houses, male servants, carriages, &c.); it was an attempt at direct taxation, heavily graduated to tax the rich at a higher (five-fold) rate and with exemptions and abatements for small incomes. This was Pitt's 'plan of finance' to support the war without recourse to loans, intended to demonstrate to Europe England's determination and unity: 'to check a little the presumptions of Jacobins at home and abroad.' ... See British Museum online catalogue.
Variant Titles:
Assess'd taxes
Assessed taxes
Associated Names:
Newton, Richard, 1777-1798 [Printmaker]
Holland, William, active 1782-1817 [Publisher]
Woodward, G. M. approximately 1760-1809 [Attributed name]
Topics:
Demons
Pitt, William, 1759-1806
Taxation -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1800
Language:
English
Genre:
Aquatints -- England -- London -- 1797
Etchings -- England -- London -- 1797
Satires (Visual works) -- England -- 1797
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Prints & Photographs
Rights:
These images are provided for study purposes only. For publication or other use of images from the Library's collection, please contact the Lewis Walpole Library at walpole@yale.edu. Further details on the Library's photoduplication policy are available at http://www.library.yale.edu/walpole/html/research/rights_reproductions.html
Call Number:
797.12.01.04+
Orbis Record:
8153697
Yale Collection:
Lewis Walpole Library
Digital Collection:
Lewis Walpole Library
Local Record Number:
lwlpr09065
Volume/Enumeration:
Digital version
OID:
10941076
PID:
digcoll:950590