The butchers of freedom [graphic].

Pubd. July [...]th. by H. Humphrey New Bond St
[July 1788]
Physical Description:
1 print : aquatint & etching on wove paper, hand-colored, on wove paper ; sheet 280 x 348 mm.
Title etched below image.
Text right of title: Price 1 s.
Printmaker from British Museum catalogue.
Sheet trimmed within plate mark.
Alfred Bowditch Collection; December 1966; Acquisitions no.: 966-12-5-89.
Mounted to 32 x 44 cm.
"An election mob in which Townshend and his supporters, as butchers, are violently attacking the populace with cleavers and marrow-bones. They wear aprons with butchers' steels dangling from the waist. George Hanger (right), his hat decorated with three ostrich feathers and the coronet of the Prince of Wales, raises a cleaver in both hands and threatens two constables with staves who fall backwards, wounded or terrified. He is in violent action, one foot rests on the unconscious body of a sailor whose face is gashed and bleeding. In the sailor's hand is a flag with a ship and the words 'Royal Navy'; on this Townshend, who uses his marrow-bone and cleaver as a musical instrument, not as weapons, is trampling. Behind Hanger, Fox, climbing above the crowd, is violently smashing the sign of 'The King's Head' (a bust portrait of the King) which is over a door inscribed 'Martin'. In the foreground a woman half-lying on the ground tries to protect her screaming infant from a cleaver and bone brandished by Sheridan. On the extreme left Lord Derby attacks a kneeling sailor with a wooden leg. Behind Sheridan, Burke raises a cleaver in both hands, and behind him the Duke of Norfolk waves a flag inscribed 'Townsend and Liberty'. Behind is a dense crowd brandishing cleavers and bones, while others attempt to escape. On the right are houses inscribed 'James Str[eet]', the houses of Covent Garden are indicated on the left."--British Museum online catalogue.
Associated Names:
Gillray, James, 1756-1815 [Printmaker]
Humphrey, Hannah, active 1774-1817 [Publisher]
Burke, Edmund, 1729-179
Derby, Edward Smith Stanley, Earl of, 1752-1834
Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806
George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820
Hanger, George, 1751?-1824
Norfolk, Charles Howard, Duke of, 1746-1815
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 1751-1816
Aquatints -- England -- London -- 1788
Etchings -- England -- London -- 1788
Satires (Visual works) -- England -- 1788
Content Type:
Prints & Photographs
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Call Number:
788.07.00.02+ Impression 1
Orbis Record:
Yale Collection:
Lewis Walpole Library
Digital Collection:
Lewis Walpole Library
Local Record Number:
Digital version