The triumph of Quassia [graphic] / Js. Gillray dest. & ft.
Gillray, James, 1756-1815, printmaker.
[10 June 1806]
1 print : etching in brown ink on wove paper; plate mark 24.6 x 34.7 cm, on sheet 27 x 36 cm
Title etched below image.
"The triumphal procession (l. to r.) of a hideous negress symbolizing Quassia, a drug obtained from the Quassia tree, which is supposed to have supplanted hops in brewing. She sits astride a drayman's pole (as in BMSat 10580, &c), from which is suspended horizontally a cask inscribed 'True Quassia Free from Taxation'; the pole is supported on the shoulders of two brewers, Whitbread (r.), and Combe (l.). She holds up in one hand a branch of the noxious tree, with a (tricolour) scroll: 'Kill-Devil [rum] for ever', and in the other a frothing tankard inscribed 'Quos-sia'. This is irradiated, the rays being inscribed 'Apoplexy', 'Palsy', 'Consumption', 'Debility', 'Colic', 'Stupor', 'Dropsy', 'Scurvy', 'Dysentery', 'Hæmorrhoids', 'Hydrophobia', 'Idiotism'. A third brewer, the very corpulent George Barclay, follows on the extreme left., waving his hat. He holds up a (tricolour) standard: 'Pro bono Publico - Quassia for Ever, - No Hops! no Malt! Down with all the Private Breweries! - Kill-Devil and Quassia for Ever!' From his apron projects a book: 'Receipts to make a Cauliflour Head'. In front of the procession is a dray-horse, with dangling chains which show that the barrel has been detached from them; its head is cut off by the r. margin. On its back sits the bulky Grenville between Fox and Petty who clings to his waist. All are in court dress, and exultingly wave their cocked hats, which, like the hats of the brewers, are decorated with large tricolour favours inscribed 'Quassia for Ever'. On the horse is a pannier with a (tricolour) label: 'Grains from the Quassia Breweries for the New Piggery' [cf. BMSat 10540]; this, like the riders' pockets, is overflowing with guineas. From Petty's hat fall two bundles of papers: 'Tax upon Private Brewer[ies]' and 'Tax upon Maid-Servants'. Whitbread, who looks round at the spectator, has a favour in his hat larger than the others and having the additional inscription. 'No Private Breweries - Impeachment of Malt & Hops! No Scotch Barley', indicating his charges against Melville (see BMSat 10576, &c). On the groun lie broken hop-poles, with hop-vines still attached to them. Behind are conical stacks of hop-poles 'To be Sold for Fire-Wood'."--British Museum online catalogue.
Auchincloss, Hugh Dudley--Ownership. Combe, Harvey Christian,--1752-1818--Caricatures and cartoons. Fox, Charles James,--1749-1806--Caricatures and cartoons. Gillray, James, 1756-1815, artist. Grenville, William Wyndham Grenville,--Baron,--1759-1834--Caricatures and cartoons. Harvey, Francis--Ownership. Humphrey, Hannah, active 1774-1817, publisher. Lansdowne, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice,--Marquess of,--1780-1863--Caricatures and cartoons. Riviere & Son Binding. Whitbread, Samuel,--1764-1815--Caricatures and cartoons.
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806.06.10.01+ Auchincloss Gillray v. 6
Lewis Walpole Library
Lewis Walpole Library
Local Record Number:
Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum. Division I, political and personal satires, v. 8, no. 10574 Wright, T. Works of James Gillray, the caricaturist with the history of his life and times, p. 334 Wright, T. Historical and descriptive account of the caricatures by James Gillray, no. 318
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