Unity Temple (Oak Park, Il) : West (entry) façade, general view, from southwest

Creator:
Wright, Frank Lloyd, 1867-1959
Published/Created:
875 Lake Street, Oak Park, Illinois, United States
1905-1909
Date Depicted:
10/16/1995
1900 AD - 1949 AD
Materials:
stained glass
steel-reinforced concrete
wood
Notes:
Unity Temple is a Unitarian Universalist church in Oak Park, Illinois, and the home of the Unity Temple Unitarian Universalist Congregation. The building has been a United States National Historic Landmark since 1971 and was chosen in a 1991 poll in the magazine, Architectural Record as one of the 100 most significant buildings in the United States of the previous 100 years (Unity Temple was #6). Additionally, Unity Temple was chosen by the American Institute of Architects as one of 17 buildings by Frank Lloyd Wright that should be retained as his architectural contribution to American culture. To accommodate the needs of the congregation, Wright divided the community space from the temple space through a low, middle loggia that could be approached from either side. This was an efficient use of space and kept down on noise between the two main gathering areas: those coming for religious services would be separated via the loggia from those coming for community events. This design was one of Wright's first uses of a bipartite design. The design of Unity Temple represents a leap forward in design for Wright. In recounting his experiences with Unity Temple, he stated that this design was the first time he ever realized that the real heart of a building is its space, not its walls.
Topics:
Architecture -- United States -- 20th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Modern
Modernist
Culture:
American
Accession Number:
1A1-WFL-UT-A1
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
churches (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors construction buildings; religious buildings; churches; buildings; religious buildings; meeting houses; furnishings; lighting devices; lighting fixtures
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module Three
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
10/16/1995
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10162453
PID:
digcoll:1866509