In Germany and the Netherlands gowns will soon lose their trains, as they have already lost their loose fullness. High-belted waists and open necklines will tend to be filled in with yokes. Notice on the center-front figure the strap across the back of the shoulders. For some women a bonnet is decorated by slashing over a caul; for others a headdress is well back on the head.
Before the sixteenth century dress is largely shaped by the body. Now, in a sudden about-face, it is shaped artificially. With the exception of one brief period, the artificial silhouette lasts through the nineteenth century. The Reformation court dress is shaped like a stiff cone. Details are formally balanced. Women move slowly and sedately, as if on wheels. The overall effect is architectural. Court dress is composed of separates. A steel corset flattens the body under the bodice. The fitted bodice has two underarm seams and is shaped to a V at the waist. The neckline is wide, square and arched across the front, emphasized by an edging of jewels or lace. Sometimes it is filled in with a partlet or plastron, usually in a contrasting fabric. The shape of the skirt is determined by a funnel-shaped hoop, the verdingale or farthingale, which is made of whale bone or iron straps. Layers of petticoats are placed over the hoop, and a shaped underskirt goes on top of the petticoats. The overskirt is cut and shaped to fit over the undergarments without wrinkles or folds. It is often open at the center front, revealing the underskirt which is lighter in color. When the overskirt is closed, trim emphasizes the center front edges. False oversleeves, looking like wide turned-back cuffs, are pinned to the sleeves of the bodice. The oversleeves are changeable. There are elbow length false undersleeves too. Decorated with jewels and applied puffs, they end at the wrist in small ruffles which fall over the hands. Other gowns include the round gown and a degraded form of the court houppelande. At this time differences in dress are more apparent by country.
Costume -- Europe -- History -- (LC) Prints -- Germany -- 16th century -- (YVRC)
costume (mode of fashion) (AAT) prints: engravings (AAT)
Clothing & Accessories Prints & Photographs
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Related Exhibit or Resource:
Reformation (Women): 1500-1550: Dress
Button, Jeanne and Sbarge, Stephen
History of Costume, In Slides, Notes and Commentaries: Volume 3
New York, NY Theatre Arts Slide Presentations 1975
GT513 +B87 3 (LC)
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