Albert Memorial (London, England) : Detail, one of the continent sculpture groups at the outer corners; "Africa" by William Theed

Creator:
Scott, George Gilbert, I, 1811-1878
Published/Created:
London, England, United Kingdom
South Kensington; South Carriage Drive
1863-1876
Physical Description:
176 ft (height)
Date Depicted:
5/3/2007
Materials:
gilded bronze; marble; enamel and glass mosaic
Notes:
Commissioned by Queen Victoria in memory of her beloved husband, Prince Albert who died of typhoid in 1861. In 1863 Scott's design for the memorial to Prince Albert in Hyde Park, London, was chosen , but not until 1876 was J. H. Foley’s gilded statue of the Prince finally set in its great Italian Gothic tabernacle [ciborium, derived from the Scaliger Tombs, Verona], enriched by Scott’s favorite craftsmen, including the sculptors Henry Hugh Armstead, John Birnie Philip and J. F. Redfern (1838-1876), the stone-carvers Farmer & Brindley, the ironworker Francis Skidmore and for the mosaics the designer J. R. Clayton (1827-1912) and the maker Antonio Salviati (1816-1890). The central part of the memorial is surrounded by the elaborate sculptural Frieze of Parnassus, which depicts 169 individual composers, architects, poets, painters, and sculptors. Armstead carved the figures on the south and east side, the painters, musicians and poets (80 in total), and grouped them by national schools. John Birnie Philip carved the figures on the west and north side, the sculptors and architects, and arranged them in chronological order. At the corners of the plinth there are two allegorical sculpture programs: four groups depicting Victorian industrial arts and sciences (agriculture, commerce, engineering and manufacturing), and four more groups representing Europe, Asia, Africa and The Americas.
Topics:
Architecture -- Britain -- 19th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Gothic Revival
Nineteenth century
Culture:
British
Accession Number:
1A1-SGG-AM-D7
Coordinates:
+51.5025-0.177778
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
memorials (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Paintings & Drawings
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
built works; monuments; visual works; sculpture (visual work) allegory; decorative arts; human figure; portrait; rulers and leaders; Albert, Prince Consort, consort of Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1861
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Addition Module Seven
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
5/3/2007 12:00:00 AM
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4349
OID:
10468683
PID:
digcoll:1860391