Great Pyramids at Giza (Giza, Desert, Egypt) : Pyramid of Khufu (largest and oldest, ca. 2551-ca. 2528 BCE), the east face

Creator:
unknown (Egyptian (ancient)
Published/Created:
Pyramids of Giza, Desert, Egypt
ca. 2575-2465 BCE
Date Depicted:
8/18/2003
8000 BC - 499 AD
Materials:
granite
limestone
stone
Notes:
Egyptian governorate just west of Cairo, site of a major royal necropolis of the Old Kingdom capital of Memphis. The necropolis, containing the 4th Dynasty (ac. 2575-ac. 2465 BCE) pyramid complexes of Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus (Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure) and their associated satellite burials, is divided by a broad wadi into two areas: the higher plateau, with the pyramid complexes, Great Sphinx and mastaba fields, and other private tombs on an escarpment to the south-west. Although Giza's period of greatest importance was during the Old Kingdom (ca. 2575-ca. 2150 BCE), the site underwent revivals in the New Kingdom (ca. 1540-ca. 1075 BCE) and the Saite period (ca. 664-525 BCE). Most of the tombs were robbed in antiquity, and much of the original casing of the monuments has been quarried away, considerably altering their appearance. In the late 20th century the site has come under threat from rising ground water, which is slowly destroying the monuments.
Variant Titles:
Pyramid complex of Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus
Topics:
Architecture -- Egypt -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
4th Dynasty
Old Kingdom
Culture:
Egyptian (ancient)
Accession Number:
1A3-EG-G-1-B5
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
pyramids (tombs or platforms) (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; death or burial; rulers and leaders; Egypt--Civilization; Pyramids construction built works; funerary structures; tombs; pyramids (tombs); complexes; cemeteries; necropolises; complexes; sites (locations); archaeological sites; e
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module One
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
8/18/2003
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10113969
PID:
digcoll:1860222