Santa Maria Maggiore (Rome, Italy) : Apse façade (the apse façade was designed by Carlo Rainaldi under Clement X), view of corner and west façade showing Capella Paolina

Creator:
Fuga, Ferdinando, 1699-ca. 1782
Longhi, Martino, the elder, ca. 1534-ca. 1591
Rainaldi, Carlo, 1611-1691
Published/Created:
Rome, Lazio, Italy
ca. 420-1750
Date Depicted:
ca. 1990's
Notes:
Situated at the end of the Esquiline Hill and formerly known as S Maria ad Praesepem, S Maria Maggiore was traditionally founded by Pope Liberius (reigned 352-366) and financed by Johannes, a rich citizen, after a miraculous summer snowfall. It is more likely, however, that it was founded in the early 5th century by Sixtus III, whose name appears in the mosaics of the triumphal arch in front of the apse. Until the 12th century, when Eugenius III (reigned 1145-1153) built the narthex, work on the church was mainly limited to maintenance. The mosaic decoration of S Maria Maggiore was executed in the 5th and 8th centuries; the earlier scheme, in the Classical tradition, comprises the most important mosaic cycle in Rome of this period. Chapels were added and other changes in subsequent centuries; Longhi and Fuga are responsible for changes to the facade.
Variant Titles:
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
Topics:
Architecture -- Italy -- 5th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Early Christian
Culture:
Italian
Accession Number:
1A2-I-R-SMM-E3
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
churches (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors construction buildings; basilicas; buildings; religious buildings; churches
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module One
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
ca. 1990's
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10112531
PID:
digcoll:1859124