Temple of Kalabsha [New Kalabsha Reconstruction] (Aswan, Egypt) : Hypostyle Hall, the west wall, south section, detail of raised reliefs

Creator:
unknown (Egyptian (ancient)
Published/Created:
Aswan, Upper Egypt, Egypt
ca. 30 BCE-450 CE
Date Depicted:
ca. 1990's
8000 BC - 499 AD
Materials:
limestone
stone
Notes:
The Temple, from Kalabsha, (ancient Talmis), was moved to its present site in 1970. The sandstone edifice was built by the Roman Emperor Octavius Augustus (30 to 14 BCE) and dedicated to the fertility and Nubian Solar deity known as Mandulis (Merwel who was the Nubian counterpart of Horus). It was the largest free-standing temple of Egyptian Nubia and the design of Kalabsha Temple is standard for the Ptolemaic period with pylons, courtyard, hypostyle hall and three room sanctuary. However, the Pylon is offset, which creates a trapezoid in the courtyard beyond. It was built on the site of an earlier structure built by Ptolemy IX as evidenced by a chapel. There is also a small chapel and gate on Elephantine Island from Kalabsha, and a gate built by Augustus was given to the Agyptisches Museum in Berlin. "The inscriptions at Kalabsha show activity into the Bellana period (ca. 360-550 CE). A graffito of the mid-5th century CE in the temple of Kalabsha shows King Silko triumphing over the Blemmyes (a people of the Eastern Desert) and in the act of being given the Meroitic plumed atef-crown by a Roman winged Victory.
Topics:
Architecture -- Egypt -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Ptolemaic
Culture:
Egyptian (ancient)
Accession Number:
1A3-EG-K-2-D8
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
religious buildings: temples (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; rulers and leaders; Roman Empire carving ; construction buildings; religious buildings; temples; complexes; sites (locations); archaeological sites; excavations (sites)
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module One
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
ca. 1990's
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10114334
PID:
digcoll:1856745