Great Temple of Ramesses III (Medinet Habu, Egypt) : The entry court, detail of a column capital

Creator:
unknown (Egyptian (ancient)
Published/Created:
Medinet Habu, Upper Egypt, Egypt
ca. 1187-1156 BCE
Date Depicted:
8/20/2003
8000 BC - 499 AD
Materials:
sandstone
stone
Notes:
Medinet Habu is the site of a temple complex at the southern end of the Theban necropolis, on the west bank of the Nile. It consists of several buildings within an enclosure, dominated by the 'Great Temple' of Ramesses III [reigned ca. 1187-1156 BCE]. This structure is set within a double girdle wall originally pierced by two gates. The western gate was destroyed in a siege, but the perfectly preserved gate on the east is of considerable architectural interest, being a full-scale model of a fortified tower, reproducing a number of its defensive features. Responsiveness to foreign influence is best exemplified by the eastern gate at Medinet Habu, built in imitation of a Syrian fortified tower or migdol, though it does not seem to have had any military purpose. Reliefs and sculptures in the round on its outer walls portray the King triumphing over foreign enemies; but the scenes inside the tower, which show Ramesses III with his court ladies, suggest a domestic function for these apartments. The temple itself is the best preserved of its kind in Thebes and exemplifies many of the classic features of a royal mortuary temple. Its massive pylons and outer walls are covered with reliefs extolling the King's prowess in battle...At the south end of the first court a royal 'Window of Appearances' (through which the king appeared to his subjects) connects the court with the palace outside. Primarily a model dwelling for the King's spirit, the palace was also used by royalty on visits to western Thebes and exhibits a number of interesting ritual and domestic features.
Variant Titles:
Mortuary Temple of Ramses III
Topics:
Architecture -- Egypt -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
New Kingdom
Twentieth Dynasty
Culture:
Egyptian (ancient)
Accession Number:
1A3-EG-T-TR-C4
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
religious buildings: temples (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; deities; military; war; rulers and leaders; Egypt--Civilization carving ; construction buildings; religious buildings; temples; mortuary temples; complexes; sites (locations); archaeological sites; excavations (sites) column; cap
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module One
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
8/20/2003
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10115344
PID:
digcoll:1856744