Ramesseum (Thebes, Egypt) : View looking northwest on the central axis, within the remains of the second court

Creator:
unknown (Egyptian (ancient)
Published/Created:
Thebes, Upper Egypt, Egypt
ca. 1279-1260 BCE
Date Depicted:
8/20/2003
8000 BC - 499 AD
Materials:
sandstone
stone
Notes:
Mortuary temple of Ramesses II, on the west bank of the Nile, opposite Luxor temple. For almost a century after the burial of Ramesses II in the Valley of the Kings, this temple served his funerary cult. The most significant event in the Egyptian ritual calendar was the annual festival visit of the god Amun to western Thebes. The god's statue travelled in his ceremonial bark from Karnak to the mortuary temples at the edge of the Western Desert, the Theban necropolis. This event influenced the architectural plan of the 'Ramesseum'. Ramesses adopted the basic design of the mortuary temple of his father Sethos I, which he had completed. The central axis of Sethos' temple is aligned with Karnak temple on the east bank, where Sethos had begun a new monumental approach, the 'Great Hypostyle Hall', which was also completed by Ramesses. The 'Ramesseum', however, is aligned with the first court of Luxor temple, since Ramesses had constructed both the first court and the pylon there. The 'Ramesseum' pylon opened on to a broad court containing one of Egypt's largest free-standing statues. This monolithic granite colossus, originally 18 m in height but now fragmentary, represents the enthroned King and is inscribed with the name 'Ramesses, the sun for (all) rulers'.
Variant Titles:
Mortuary temple of Ramesses II
Topics:
Architecture -- Egypt -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
New Kingdom
Culture:
Egyptian (ancient)
Accession Number:
1A3-EG-R-B3
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
funerary structures: tombs (AAT)
religious buildings: temples (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; death or burial; deities; rulers and leaders; Egypt--Religion; Ramses II, King of Egypt carving ; construction buildings; religious buildings; temples; mortuary temples; complexes; sites (locations); archaeological sites; excavat
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module One
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
8/20/2003
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10115083
PID:
digcoll:1856549