Hagia Sophia (Istanbul [Constantinople], Turkey) : The Deisis mosaic, frontal view of the left side, depicting Christ on the right and the Blessed Virgin on the left

Creator:
Anthemios of Tralles, ca. 474-ca. 534
Isidore of Miletus, I, fl. mid-6th c.
Published/Created:
Constantinople, Byzantium
532-537
Date Depicted:
10/15/1997
500 AD - 1499 AD
Materials:
glass
stone
wood
Notes:
Hagia Sophia is a former patriarchal basilica, later a mosque, now a museum, in Istanbul, Turkey. Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture. It was the largest cathedral ever built in the world for nearly a thousand years, until the completion of the Medieval Seville Cathedral in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 AD on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, and was in fact the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site (the previous two had both been destroyed by riots). It was designed by two architects, Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. The Church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 50 foot (15 m) silver iconostasis. It was the patriarchal church of the Patriarch of Constantinople and the religious focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly 1000 years. In 1453, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks and Sultan Mehmed II ordered the building to be converted into a mosque. The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels were removed, and many of the mosaics were eventually plastered over. The Islamic features - such as the mihrab, the minbar, and the four minarets outside - were added over the course of its history under the Ottomans. It remained as a mosque until 1935, when it was converted into a museum by the Republic of Turkey.
Variant Titles:
Ayasofya
Topics:
Architecture -- Turkey -- 6th century -- (YVRC)
Mosaics -- Turkey -- 6th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Byzantine
Culture:
Byzantine
Greek (ancient)
Turkish
Accession Number:
1A3-B-T-HS-2-G3
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
churches (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Furnishings & Decorative Arts
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; religious construction ; stained glass buildings; basilicas; buildings; exhibition buildings; museums; buildings; religious buildings; mosques face This is located in the south upper gallery, built second half of the 13th century.
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module Three
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
10/15/1997
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10159299
PID:
digcoll:1825277