National Farmer's Bank of Owatonna (Owatonna, MN) : Interior detail, decorative metal grille

Creator:
Sullivan, Louis H., 1856-1924
Published/Created:
Owatonna, Minnesota, United States
101 N. Cedar St. (northeast corner of Broadway and Cedar)
1907-1908 ; 1976-1981 (restoration)
Physical Description:
36 ft (diameter, arched windows)
Date Depicted:
4/8/2011
Materials:
brick; glazed terracotta; cast iron; stained glass; red sandstone
Notes:
The last phase in Sullivan’s career was largely devoted to designing banks in small towns in the Midwest. Sullivan’s first commission in this field was the magnificent National Farmers’ Bank (1907-1908) in Owatonna, MN. They were all low, load-bearing brick constructions; they did, however, raise important questions of institutional expression. Sullivan’s solution was to make them monumental, as befitted banks, but "modern" and unrelated to historical precedent in order to communicate their transformed character. They are the final and most richly impressive demonstrations of his ornamental skill ("jeweled strongboxes"), with their rich use of polychromy in brick and terracotta. Elmslie became increasingly responsible for the ornament that Sullivan lavished on the exterior and interior of his buildings. Elmslie produced many of the drawings for the ornament of the bank; he left Sullivan's employ in 1909. The building is clad in red brick with green terra cotta bands, and features two large arches. Internal elements include two stained glass windows designed by Louis J. Millet, a mural by Oskar Gross, and four immense (18 ft. long) cast iron electroliers (electric chandeliers) designed by Elmslie and cast by Winslow Brothers Company. A National Historic Monument since 1976, it was restored in 1976-1981.
Topics:
Architecture -- United States -- 20th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Prairie School
Twentieth century
Culture:
American
Accession Number:
1A1-SL-NFBO-N10
Coordinates:
+44.0851-93.22575
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
financial institutions: banks (buildings) (AAT)
office buildings (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
buildings; commercial buildings; financial institutions; banks (buildings) agriculture; architecture; business, commerce and trade; banking
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Addition Module Seven
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
4/8/2011 12:00:00 AM
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4349
OID:
10468971
PID:
digcoll:1822198