San Clemente (Rome, Italy) : Frontal view down the nave, depicting a cosmatesque pavement

Creator:
unknown (Italian)
Published/Created:
Rome, Lazio, Italy
ca. 1750 (alteration); ca. 380
Date Depicted:
5/1/1997
500 AD - 1499 AD
Materials:
fresco
mosaic
Notes:
A standard type of basilica and a standard type of baptistery evolved and spread throughout northern Italy, and from North Africa to southern Spain and Gaul. The standard type of basilica was meant to hold a congregation of between 800 and 1400. It consists of a nave flanked by aisles and terminating in a semicircular, sometimes rectangular, apse; a narthex and atrium sometimes feature at the west end. This standard type of basilica is known as early as the late 4th-century church of S Ambrogio at Milan, which has three aisles and a semicircular eastern apse, a plan that became widespread in northern Italy in the 5th century. After ca. 380 examples of the type at Rome include S Clemente. The schola cantorum is a term applied to nave chancels in medieval Roman churches on the basis of a supposed association with the eponymous body of papal chanters. This association originates in the misinterpretation of a 16th-century description of S Clemente by Ugonio.The form of Early Christian nave chancels was not standardized. Those at S Giovanni in Laterano (4th century) and at S Clemente (6th century) were apparently narrow passageways constructed of low parapets held together by posts and so lightweight that they did not need foundations.
Topics:
Architecture -- Italy -- 4th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Early Christian
Culture:
Italian
Accession Number:
1A3-EC-SC-B1
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
churches (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; music construction buildings; religious buildings; churches interior; nave
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module Two
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
5/1/1997
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10168761
PID:
digcoll:1819137