San Lorenzo fuori le Mura (Rome, Italy) : Frontal view, depicting the narthex (3C)

Creator:
unknown (Italian)
Published/Created:
Rome, Lazio, Italy
ca. 1220 (alteration); ca. 579-590
Date Depicted:
5/1/1996
500 AD - 1499 AD
Materials:
fresco
marble
mosaic
stone
Notes:
The basilica of San Lorenzo fuori le Mura is one of the most important basilica churches and one of the Seven Pilgrim Churches of Rome. The basilica is the shrine tomb of the church's namesake, Saint Lawrence, one of the first seven deacons of Rome martyred in 258. Pope Pius IX, awaiting canonization into sainthood, is also buried at the basilica. Before the present-day basilica was constructed, the estate upon which it sits was once home to a small oratory built by Emperor Constantine I. The emperor built it over the site on which it was believed that Saint Lawrence was executed. In the 580s, Pope Pelagius II commissioned the construction of a church over the site, in honor of the martyr. In the 13th century, Pope Honorius III commissioned the construction of another church in front of the older structure. The two structures were united as part of a program of urban renewal. Excavations have revealed several other crypts of various people, buried below street level. Saint Hilarius is buried here. The portico, ca. 1220, has Cosmatesque decoration by the Vassaletti family of craftsmen. In Rome, it seems, galleries were added to basilicas to provide space for the crowds of pilgrims seeking access to the graves of Roman martyrs.
Variant Titles:
Saint Lawrence outside the Walls
Topics:
Architecture -- Italy -- 6th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Early Christian
Romanesque
Culture:
Italian
Accession Number:
1A3-EC-SL-A3
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
churches (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; death or burial; saints; Pilgrims and pilgrimages construction buildings; basilicas; buildings; religious buildings; churches narthex; portico
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module Two
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
5/1/1996
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10168818
PID:
digcoll:1818989