Ministry of Education and Health (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) : Interior view looking out at open pilotis, depicting exterior structure
Costa, Lúcio, 1902-1998 Le Corbusier, 1887-1965 Niemeyer, Oscar, 1907-2012
Rua da Imprensa, Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste, Brazil 1937-1943
238 ft (height)
8/1/1991 1900 AD - 1949 AD
In 1936 Niemeyer joined the team assembled by Costa to design the Ministry of Education and Health (1937-1943; now the Palácio da Cultura). The team included Affonso Eduardo Reidy, Jorge Moreira, Leão and Hernani Mendes de Vasconcelos, who were all at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes during Costa's reforms and were among those whose work was praised by Frank Lloyd Wright when he attended the first Salão de Arquitetura Tropical (1933) in Rio. As a member of this team Niemeyer came under the direct influence of Le Corbusier, who spent a month in Rio in 1936 as consultant on the project. Niemeyer was responsible for many of the design details of this highly influential building, and he subsequently took over leadership of the team (1939), but the Ministry building was built largely to Le Corbusier's design and bears all the hallmarks of his hand: pilotis, brises-soleil in the form of horizontal louvres on the exposed façade, and sculptural rooftop elements--features so well suited to the Brazilian culture and climate that they were widely adopted thereafter. Although this influence is clearly evident in Niemeyer's later work, it is his own daring originality and imagination, often portrayed in rapid, graphic sketches reminiscent of Le Corbusier's, that characterize his most memorable buildings.
Palácio da Cultura
Architecture -- Brazil -- 20th century -- (YVRC)
architecture (AAT) public buildings: government office buildings (AAT)
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Yale Community Only
architectural exteriors construction buildings; public buildings; ministries
Archivision Base Collection
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC Archivision, Inc. 8/1/1991
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Visual Resources Collection
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