Belvedere Exedra (Cortile del Belvedere (Rome (Vatican City), Santa Sede (Holy See), Italy) : Area between the west entry and upper platform, close side view depicting stylized stairs

Creator:
Bramante, Donato, 1444-1514
Ligorio, Pirro, ca. 1500-1583
Published/Created:
Rome, Vatican City, Santa Sede, Holy See, Italy
ca. 1562
Date Depicted:
9/1/1994
1500 AD - 1699 AD
Materials:
bronze
marble
Notes:
The 1st century Roman bronze Pigna ("pinecone") gives the name Cortile della Pigna to the highest terrace; it was a Roman fountain. In the 15th century it was moved to its current location, the upper end of Bramante's Cortile del Belvedere, which is now usually called in its honor the Cortile della Pigna, linking the Vatican and the Palazzo del Belvedere. There it stands today under Pirro Ligorio's vast niche at the far end. The Courtyard was incomplete when Bramante died in 1514. It was finished by Pirro Ligorio for Pius IV in 1562-1565. Pirro took the great open-headed exedra at the center of Bramante's Belvedere and added a third storey, enclosing the central space with a vast half-dome to form the largest niche that had been erected since Antiquity--the nicchione visible today from several elevated outlooks around Rome. He completed his structure with an uppermost loggia that repeated the hemicycle of the niche and took its cue from scholarly reconstructions of the Roman temple complex dedicated to Fortuna Primigenia at Praeneste, south of Rome.
Variant Titles:
Nicchione
Topics:
Architecture -- Italy -- 16th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Renaissance
Culture:
Italian
Accession Number:
1A1-MB-BS-A9
Genre:
architectural elements (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; plants; Pius IV, Pope, 1499-1565 casting ; construction architectural elements; stairs; building divisions; rooms and spaces; exedrae (interior spaces); visual works; sculpture (visual work)
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Base Collection
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
9/1/1994
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10090083
PID:
digcoll:1803223