Santa Costanza (Rome, Italy) : General view, from east, close side view

Creator:
unknown (Ancient Roman)
Published/Created:
Rome, Lazio, Italy
ca. 337
Date Depicted:
5/1/1996
8000 BC - 499 AD
Notes:
The last known example of an ambulatory basilica is S Agnese fuori le mura on the Via Nomentana, near the tomb of the martyr saint. It was begun either at the end of Constantine's life or soon after his death. The mausoleum of his daughter, Constantina, now known as S Costanza, was built alongside the basilica's south flank. The best-preserved Constantinian building in Rome, S Costanza, is a double-shelled edifice consisting of a circular ambulatory encircling a tall cylindrical core capped by a dome. Although novel in Italy, its plan is strikingly reminiscent of the Anastasis Rotunda in the Holy Sepulchre compound (dedicated ca. 350), a comparison that may reflect an eastern Mediterranean influence on late Constantinian architecture in the Latin West. The fact that most of these ambulatory basilicas were paved with graves suggests that they served as funerary halls in which banquets commemorating the anniversaries of the departed were held. This type of church is also recorded at Andernos-les-Bains in south-west France.
Topics:
Architecture -- Italy -- 4th century -- (YVRC)
Period/Style:
Early Christian
Culture:
Italian
Accession Number:
1A3-EC-SCO-A2
Genre:
architecture (AAT)
churches (AAT)
Format:
Image
Content Type:
Sculptures, Models, & Architecture
Rights:
Copyright Scott Gilchrist, Archivision, Inc
The use of this image may be subject to the copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) or to site license or other rights management terms and conditions. The person using the image is liable for any infringement.
Access Restrictions:
Yale Community Only
Digital:
architectural exteriors; death or burial; rulers and leaders; saints; Constantine, Emperor of Rome construction buildings; basilicas
Source Creator:
Gilchrist, Scott
Source Title:
Archivision Module Two
Source Created:
2878 Chamonix, Montreal QC
Archivision, Inc.
5/1/1996
Source Note:
Purchase, Visual Resources Collection, May, 2011; photographer Scott Gilchrist
Yale Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Digital Collection:
Visual Resources Collection
Local Record Number:
4152
OID:
10168807
PID:
digcoll:1797667